One of the first goal in the project was to create a platform of experienced and deeply involved initial VET providers including companies to exchange experiences with different approaches and models to involve and include disadvantaged young people better in initial VET.

To have a well-prepared start within the content work all partner-countries prepared the following essential questions, which were presented by the partners and used as basic for discussion by the time:

  • Could you describe the education system in your country?
  • How do you define “disadvantaged” young people?
  • How does vocational education work in your country?
  • Are you familiar with the system of a “dual vocational training” in your country? (practical training in companies or workshops and vocational school)  If yes, how does it work in your country? Are there any support systems available?
  • Do you have a compulsory training alliance/ vocational training act?
  • Is there a sponsorship for companies which train young people?
  • What kind of final evaluations do you have for young people in your country? Do they get a certificate or something like this?
  • How many apprenticeships and apprentices do you have?
  • What are the most popular apprenticeship occupations in your country?
  • Do you have an Integrative (inclusive) VET for youth with special needs?
  • If yes, how does it work? Are there any alternatives concerning education in your country?
  • What are the most significant disadvantages of your clients?

Here are the results from …..

Germany       Turkey       Turkey II         Austria I            Austria II


Description and anlysis matrix for definition of disadvantages for young people in initial VET in the partner countries

Annex 5 – Matrix_Disadvantaged Youth (EN)


Template to present results of a national investigation of what is considered a disadvantage for young people in VET in the partner countries

Annex 6 – Drop out reasons evaluation (EN)


Reasons for Drop-out  –  criteria for disadvantages for young people in initial VET in the participating countries

Each partner provided a template of the country-specific and/or on their education and training-related aspects:

Annex 7 – Aspects of drop out – AT
Annex 7 – Aspects of drop out – DE
Annex 7 – Aspects of drop out – TR


Work based solutions to tackle disadvantaged youth in initial VET

Educational attainment may have a large impact on employability. The share of youth in Europe with low education has been diclining steadily across all countries in Europe without a dual VET system. Vocational training and apprenticeships are important forms of teaching skills but difficult to measure, especially in such countries like Turkey where a dual VET system does not yet exist. The dual VET system in Austria and Germany integrates school and work-based learning to prepare youth for employment.

Especially, for disadvantaged youth the dual VET is not considered sufficiently effective to provide help to pupils with special support requirements. There are good models in Austria and Germany where disadvandaged youth have the possibility to complete a vocational training based on a “triple” approach to vocational training that combines conventional vocational school classes, company-based training and special support by trainers and coaches from a training institution.

Here is an outline of such one best practice “triple” Vocational Education Training on an example of the Austrian (Jugend am Werk) “I-VET” training programme:

I-VET_Example Austria


Pedagogical and psychological tools and approaches  for tackeling drop out of disadvantaged young people in the participating countries to identify good practices

A collection of pedagogical and psychological tools applied for better inclusion of disadvantaged young people in initial VET is summarized by the partner organisations from Austria and Germany, where such tools are available in various forms in VET measures.

Matrix for pedagogical and psychological tools and approaches

Collection of pedagogical_AT in english

Collection of pedagogical_DE in english

Collection of pedagogical_TR in english


Good practice kit

The final product, the “Good practice kit” is based on the main research topics during the 2-years YOUVET project:

  • Disadvantaged youth in initial VET in Austria, Germany and Turkey
  • Work based solutions and practical training components for better inclusion of disadvantaged youth in initial VET
  • Pedagogical and psychological approaches for tackling drop out of young people in the participating countries based on good practices
  • Recommendations to national VET policy makers


The “GOOD PRACTICE KIT” is also available in German and Turkish language. You can find it as download under “Results” in the both language Areas.

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